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01/04/2008 23:44
ΔΗΜΙΟΥΡΓΙΑ ΣΧΟΛΙΟΥ

Πως εννοούν τα Σκόπια την «ενδιάμεση ονομασία»





















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Καθώς αυξάνουν οι πιέσεις (μεταξύ άλλων και από την γερμανίδα Καγκελάριο, Μέρκελ) για την επίτευξη μιας συμβιβαστικής λύσης (πχ πρόσκληση με την ονομασία FYROM και το θέμα του ονόματος να λυθεί μετά) διατυπώνεται, όπως έχουμε γράψει, η άποψη ότι «η Αθήνα δεν μπορεί να εμποδίσει την προσωρινή ένταξη με αυτήν την ονομασία, με βάση την Ενδιάμεση Συμφωνία του 1995» (βλ. εδώ). Για το θέμα αυτό, ο εκπρόσωπος του υπουργείου Εξωτερικών κ. Κουμουτσάκος τόνισε ότι «από την Ενδιάμεση Συμφωνία προβλέπεται ότι οι δύο χώρες πρέπει να λαμβάνουν μέτρα προκειμένου να μην καλλιεργείται κλίμα φανατισμού». Κάτι όμως το οποίο τα Σκόπια έχουν αποφύγει συστηματικά να κάνουν μέχρι σήμερα. Ο κ. Κουμουτσάκος ανέφερε ενδεικτικά «την μετονομασία του αεροδρομίου και την φωτογραφία του πρωθυπουργού των Σκοπίων κ. Γκρουέφσκι να καταθέτει στεφάνι σε μνημείο εθνικού ήρωα της ΠΓΔΜ, κάτω από σημαία στην οποία απεικονίζεται η «Μεγάλη Μακεδονία", ως τις ακτές της Χαλκιδικής» και πρόσθεσε: «Αυτή δεν είναι μια Συμφωνία που μπορεί να εφαρμόζει ή να την επικαλείται κανείς με επιλεκτικό τρόπο. Εμείς τουλάχιστον δεν έχουμε κάνει κάτι τέτοιο. Εκείνοι έχουν».

Και για να μην ξεχνιόμαστε αναδημοσιεύουμε το χάρτη της «Μεγάλης Μακεδονίας», ή «Μακεδονίας του Αιγαίου» από το greekamericannewsagency.com

ΣΧΟΛΙΑ

  1. factorx avatar
    factorx 02/04/2008 09:17:19

    Η ΕΝΔΙΑΜΕΣΗ ΣΥΜΦΩΝΙΑ
    INTERIM ACCORD
    Minister Karolos Papoulias, representing the Party of the First Part (the “Party of the First
    Part”) and Minister Stevo Crvenkovsky, representing the Party of the Second Part (the “Party
    of the Second Part”), hereby DECLARE AND AGREE as follows:
    Recalling the principle of the inviolability of frontiers and the territorial integrity of States
    incorporated in the Final Act of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe,
    signed in Helsinki,
    Bearing in mind the provisions of the Charter of the United Nations and in particular, those
    referring to the obligation of States to refrain in their international relations from the threat
    or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any State,
    Guided by the spirit and principles of democracy and fundamental freedoms and respect for
    human rights and dignity, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations, as well as
    the Helsinki Final Act, the Charter of Paris for a new Europe and pertinent acts of the
    Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe,
    Considering their mutual interest in the maintenance of international peace and security,
    especially in their region,
    Desiring to confirm the existing frontier between them as an enduring international border,
    Recalling their obligation not to intervene, on any pretext or in any form, in the internal
    affairs of the other,
    Desiring to develop their mutual relations and to lay firm foundations for a climate of
    peaceful relations and understanding,
    Realizing that economic cooperation is an important element for the development of mutual
    relations on a stable and firm basis, as well as desiring to develop and promote future
    cooperation.
    Desiring to reach certain interim agreements that will provide a basis for negotiating a
    permanent Accord,
    Have agreed as follows:
    A. FRIENDLY RELATIONS AND CONFIDENCE-BUILDING MEASURES
    Article 1
    1. Upon entry into force of this Interim Accord, the Party of the First Part recognizes the
    Party of the Second Part as an independent sovereign state, under the provisional designation
    set forth in a letter of the Party of the First Part of the date of this Interim Accord, and the
    Parties shall at an early date establish diplomatic relations at an agreed level with the
    ultimate goal of relations at ambassadorial level.
    2. The Party of the First Part shall as promptly as possible establish a liaison office in Skopje,
    the capital of the Party of the Second Part, and the Party of the Second Part shall as promptly
    as possible establish a liaison office in Athens, the capital of the Party of the First Part.
    Article 2
    The Parties hereby confirm their common existing frontier as an enduring and inviolable
    international border.
    Article 3
    Each Party undertakes to respect the sovereignty, the territorial integrity and the political
    independence of the other Party. Neither Party shall support the action of a third party
    directed against the sovereignty, the territorial integrity or the political independence of the
    other Party.
    Article 4
    The Parties shall refrain, in accordance with the purposes and principles of the Charter of the
    United Nations, from the threat or use of force, including the threat or use of force designed
    to violate their existing frontier, and they agree that neither of them will assert or support
    claims to any part of the territory of the other Party or claims for a change of their existing
    frontier.
    Article 5
    1. The Parties agree to continue negotiations under the auspices of the Secretary-General of
    the United Nations pursuant to Security Council resolution 845 (1993) with a view to
    reaching agreement on the difference described in that resolution and in Security Council
    resolution 817 (1993).
    2. Recognizing the difference between them with respect to the name of the Party of the
    Second Part, each Party reserves all of its rights consistent with the specific obligations
    undertaken in this Interim Accord. The Parties shall cooperate with a view to facilitating their
    mutual relations notwithstanding their respective positions as to the name of the Party of the
    Second Part. In this context, the Parties shall take practical measures, including dealing with
    the matter of documents, to carry out normal trade and commerce between them in a manner
    consistent with their respective positions in regard to the name of the Party to the Second
    Part. The Parties shall take practical measures so that the difference about the name of the
    Party to the Second Part will not obstruct or interfere with normal trade and commerce
    between the Party of the Second Part and third parties.
    Article 6
    1. The Party of the Second Part hereby solemnly declares that nothing in its Constitution, and
    in particular in the Preamble thereto or in Article 3 of the Constitution, can or should be
    interpreted as constituting or will ever constitute the basis of any claim by the Party of the
    Second Part to any territory not within its existing borders.
    2. The Party of the Second Part hereby solemnly declares that nothing in its Constitution, and
    in particular in Article 49 as amended, can or should be interpreted as constituting or will
    ever constitute the basis for the Party of the Second Part to interfere in the internal affairs of
    another State in order to protect the status and rights of any persons in other States who are
    not citizens of the Party to the Second Part.
    3. The Party of the Second Part furthermore solemnly declares that the interpretations given
    in paragraph 1 and 2 of this Article will not be superseded by any other interpretation of its
    Constitution.
    Article 7
    1. Each Party shall promptly take effective measures to prohibit hostile activities or
    propaganda by State-controlled agencies and to discourage acts by private entities likely to
    incite violence, hatred or hostility against each other.
    2. Upon entry into force of this Interim Accord, the Party of the Second Part shall cease to use
    in any way the symbol in all its forms displayed on its national flag prior to such entry into
    force.
    3. If either Party believes one or more symbols constituting part of its historic or cultural
    patrimony is being used by the other Party, it shall bring such alleged use to the attention of
    the other Party, and the other Party shall take appropriate corrective action or indicate why it
    does not consider it necessary to do so.
    Article 8
    1. The Parties shall refrain from imposing any impediment to the movement of people or
    goods between their territories or through the territory of either Party to the territory of the
    other. Both Parties shall cooperate to facilitate such movements in accordance with
    international law and custom.
    2. The Parties agree that the European Union and the United States may be requested to use
    their good offices with respect to developing practical measures referred to in paragraph 2 of
    Article 5 so as to assist the Parties in the implementation of Article 8.
    B. HUMAN AND CULTURAL RIGHTS
    Article 9
    1. In the conduct of their affairs the Parties shall be guided by the spirit and principles of
    democracy, fundamental freedoms, respect for human rights and dignity, and the rule of law,
    in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations, the Universal Declaration of Human
    Rights, the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental
    Freedoms, the International Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Racial
    Discrimination, the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the Helsinki Final Act, the
    document of the Copenhagen Meeting of the Conference on the Human Dimension of the
    Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe and the Charter of Paris for a New
    Europe.
    2. No provision of the instruments listed in paragraph 1 above shall be interpreted to give any
    right to take any action contrary to the aims and principles of the Charter of the United
    Nations, or of the Helsinki Final Act, including the principle of the territorial integrity of
    States.
    Article 10
    Convinced that the development of human relations is necessary for improving
    understanding and good-neighbourliness of their two peoples, the Parties shall encourage
    contacts at all appropriate levels and shall not discourage meetings between their citizens in
    accordance with international law and custom.
    C. INTERNATIONAL, MULTILATERAL AND REGIONAL INSTITUTIONS
    Article 11
    1. Upon entry into force of this Interim Accord, The Party of the First Part agrees not to object
    to the application by or the membership of the Party of the Second Part in international,
    multilateral and regional organizations and institutions of which the Party of the First Part is
    a member; however, the Party of the First Part reserves the right to object to any membership
    referred to above if and to the extent of the Party of the Second Part is to be referred to in
    such organization or institution differently than in paragraph 2 of the United Nations
    Security Council resolution 817 (1993).
    2. The Parties agree that the ongoing economic development of the Party of the Second Part
    should be supported through international cooperation, as far as possible by a close
    relationship of the Party of the Second Part with the European Economic Area and the
    European Union.
    D. TREATY RELATIONS
    Article 12
    1. Upon entry into force of this Interim Accord, the Parties shall in their relations be directed
    by the provisions of the following bilateral agreements that had been concluded between the
    former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and the Party of the First Part on 18 June
    1959:
    •(a) The convention concerning mutual legal relations,
    •(b) The agreement concerning the reciprocal recognition and the enforcement of
    judicial decisions, and
    •(c) The agreement concerning hydro-economic questions.
    The Parties shall promptly consult with a view to entering into new agreements substantially
    similar to those referred to above.
    2. The Parties shall consult with each other in order to identify other agreements concluded
    between the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and the Party of the First Part
    that will be deemed suitable for application in their mutual relations.
    3. The Parties may conclude additional bilateral agreements in areas of mutual interest.
    Article 13
    Having regard to the fact that the Party of the Second Part is a land-locked State, the Parties
    shall be guided by the applicable provisions of the United Nations Convention on the Law of
    the Sea as far as practicable both in practice and when concluding agreements referred to in
    Article 12.
    Article 14
    1. The Parties shall encourage the development of friendly and good-neighborly relations
    between them and shall reinforce their economic cooperation in all sectors, including that of
    water resources management. In particular they shall promote, on a reciprocal basis, road,
    rail, maritime and air transport and communication links, using the best available
    technologies, and facilitate the transit of their goods between them and through their
    territories and ports. The Parties shall observe international rules and regulations with
    respect to transit, telecommunications, signs and codes.
    2. To this end the Parties agree to enter forthwith into negotiations aimed at promptly
    implementing agreements of cooperation in the aforementioned areas, taking into account
    the obligations of the Party of the First Part deriving from its membership in the European
    Union and from other international instruments. Such agreements shall relate to visas, work
    permits,“green card” insurance, airspace transit and economic cooperation.
    E. ECONOMIC, COMMERCIAL, ENVIRONMENTAL AND LEGAL RELATIONS
    Article 15
    1. The Parties shall strengthen their economic relations in all fields.
    2. The Parties shall in particular support development and cooperation in the field of capital
    investments, as well as industrial cooperation between enterprises. Special attention shall be
    paid to cooperation between small and medium-size companies and enterprises.
    Article 16
    1. The Parties shall develop and improve scientific and technical cooperation as well as
    cooperation in the field of education.
    2. The Parties shall intensify their exchanges of information and of scientific and technical
    documentation, and shall strive to improve mutual access to scientific and research
    institutions, archives, libraries and similar institutions.
    3. The Parties shall support initiatives by scientific institutions and by individuals aimed at
    improving cooperation in the sciences.
    Article 17
    1. The Parties shall take great care to avoid dangers to the environment and to preserve
    natural living conditions in the lakes and rivers shared by the two Parties.
    2. The Parties shall cooperate in eliminating all forms of pollution in border areas.
    3. The Parties shall strive to develop and harmonize strategies and programs for regional and
    international cooperation for protecting the environment.
    Article 18
    The Parties shall cooperate in alleviating the consequences of disasters.
    Article 19
    1. The Parties shall cooperate in improving and promoting business and tourist travel.
    2. Consistent with the obligations of the Party of the First Part arising from its membership in
    the European Union and from relevant instruments of the Union, the Parties shall make joint
    efforts to improve and accelerate customs and border formalities, including simplification in
    the issuance of visas to each other’s citizens, taking into account Article 5, paragraph 2, of
    this Interim Accord.
    3. The Parties shall endeavor to improve and modernize existing border crossings as required
    by the flow of traffic, and construct new border crossings as necessary.
    Article 20
    The Parties shall cooperate in the fight against organized crime, terrorism, economic crimes,
    narcotics crimes, illegal trade in cultural property, offenses against civil air transport and
    counterfeiting.
    F. FINAL CLAUSES
    Article 21
    1. The Parties shall settle any disputes exclusively by peaceful means in accordance with the
    Charter of the United Nations.
    2. Any difference or dispute that arises between the Parties concerning the interpretation or
    implementation of this Interim Accord may be submitted by either of them to the
    International Court of Justice, except for the differences referred to in Article 5, paragraph 1.
    Article 22
    This Interim Accord is not directed against any other State or entity and it does not infringe
    on the rights and duties resulting from bilateral and multilateral agreements already in force
    that the Parties have concluded with other States or international organizations.
    Article 23
    1. This Interim Accord shall enter into force and become effective on the thirtieth day
    following the date on which it is signed by the representatives of the Parties as set forth
    below.
    2. This Interim Accord shall remain in force until superseded by a definitive agreement,
    provided that after seven years either Party may withdraw from this Interim Accord by a
    written notice, which shall take effect 12 months after its delivery to the other Party.
    IN WITNESS WHEREOF the Parties have, through their authorized representatives, signed
    three copies of this Interim Accord in the English language which shall be registered with the
    Secretariat of the United Nations. Within two months of the date of signature, the United
    Nations is to prepare, in consultation with the Parties, translations into the language of the
    Party of the First Part and the language of the Party of the Second Part, which shall constitute
    part of the registration of this Accord.
    DONE at New York on the 13th day of September 1995

  2. Swell avatar
    Swell 02/04/2008 11:25:52

    And now what? Εγώ πάντως ΦΕΥΓΩ!

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